PA5-33238 is suitable for use as a negative control reagent for the measurement of non-specific binding of mouse monoclonal antibodies of isotype IgG2a in human tissue. This antibody may not be suitable for intracellular staining on some cell types.
The antibody recognizes a rat cell surface marker, and therefore cannot be used as a negative control in this species. This product is routinely tested in flow cytometry on rat splenocytes to confirm antibody activity and on human whole blood to test for suitability as a negative contro.
Test results have shown that PA5-33238 is also suitable for use as a negative control with bovine, ovine, porcine, equine, canine, lapine and guinea-pig tissues.
This product is a low-endotoxin, preservative-free formulation. Endotoxin level is <0.01 EU/mg.
For FACS analysis, use 10 µL of the suggested working dilution to label 1x10^6 cells in 100 µL.
The isotype of a primary antibody and the application it is being used in can result in background staining. Primary antibody background noise can be caused by binding to Fc receptors on target cells; by non-specific interactions with cellular proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids; or by cell autofluorescence. Isotype control antibodies can act as negative controls to help differentiate non-specific background signal from specific antibody signal because they have no relevant specificity to a target antigen. While isotype controls are most commonly used in flow cytometry, they are useful in other applications such as chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), immunohistochemistry, and gel shifts. Isotype controls should match with the primary antibody species and isotype so that the level of specific staining by the primary antibody may be accurately determined. If using directly labeled primary antibodies, the isotype control works best if conjugated with the same label as the test antibody.
蛋白别名: IgG2; Immunoglobulin G; Immunoglobulin G2; ImmunoglobulinG; ImmunoglobulinG2