Kynurenine aminotransferases KAT I, KAT II, and KAT III belong to the class-I pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent aminotransferase family. KAT I is a cytoplasmic protein involved in glutamine catabolism. KAT I functions in the catalysis of the transamination of L-kinurenine to form kynurenic acid, a neuroprotective and anticonvulsant metabolite of tryptophan. Kynurenic acid is involved in synaptic transmission and has been implicated in a number of neurological disorders including schizophrenia and Huntington's disease. KAT I also functions in the metabolism of cysteine conjugates in some halogenated alkenes and alkanes to form reactive metabolites. KAT I has three isoforms. Isoform 1is the full length protein, isoform 2 lacks amino acids 68-117 and isoform 3 lacks amino acids 251-422. Based on sequence similarity, KAT I is thought to function as a homodimer.
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