EDG6 (S1P4) belongs to a family of G-protein coupled receptors whose ligands are lysophospholipids. The ligand for EDG6 (S1P4) is sphingosine-1-phosphate. There are 8 known members of the EDG receptor family and they are implicated in mediating growth related effects such as induction of cellular proliferation, alterations in differentiation and survival and suppression of apoptosis. They also evoke cellular effector functions that are dependent on cytoskeletal responses such as contraction, secretion, adhesion and chemotaxis. EDG receptors are developmentally regulated and differ in tissue distribution. They couple to multiple types of G proteins to signal through ras and MAP kinase, rho, phospholipase C and several protein tyrosine kinases. EDG6 (S1P4) is expressed in lymphoid and hematopoietic tissue and in the lungs. Recently, the designation of the EDG receptors has been modified to include the ligand for the receptor. Thus, the new designation for the EDG6 (S1P4) receptor is the sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor-4 (S1P4).
蛋白别名: EDG-6; Endothelial differentiation G-protein coupled receptor 6; endothelial differentiation G-protein-coupled receptor 6; endothelial differentiation, G protein coupled receptor 6; endothelial differentiation, G-protein-coupled receptor 6; endothelial differentiation, lysophosphatidic acid G-protein-coupled receptor, 6; Lysophospholipid receptor C1; S1P receptor 4; S1P receptor Edg-6; S1P(4) receptor; Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 4; Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor Edg-6
基因别名: EDG6; LPC1; S1P4; S1PR4; SLP4
分子生物学功能: G-protein coupled receptor