The ion channels activated by glutamate are typically divided into two classes. Those that are sensitive to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) are designated NMDA receptors (NMDAR) while those activated by alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5 -methyl-4-isoxalone propionic acid (AMPA) are known as AMPA receptors (AMPAR). The AMPAR are comprised of four distinct Glutamate Receptor Subunits designated (GluR1-4) and they play key roles in virtually all excitatory neurotransmission in the brain. The GluR2 subunit is thought to play a key role in forms of synaptic plasticity such as LTD.
蛋白别名: AMPA selective glutamate receptor; AMPA-selective glutamate receptor 2; GluA2; GluR-2; GluR-B; GluR-K2; glutamate receptor; Glutamate receptor 2; glutamate receptor B; glutamate receptor B flip isoform; Glutamate receptor ionotropic, AMPA 2; glutamate receptor, ionotropic, AMPA 2; OTTHUMP00000165324; OTTHUMP00000220942; OTTHUMP00000220943
基因别名: GluA2; Glur-2; GluR-B; GluR-K2; GLUR2; GLURB; GRIA2; HBGR2
分子生物学功能: transmembrane signal receptor