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Description: This HLNC4 monoclonal antibody reacts with human poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP1). This ubiquitous 116 kDa nuclear enzyme is involved in DNA repair. During apoptosis, active caspases -3, -6 and -7 cleave PARP1 after Asp214, thereby inactivating PARP1 and generating two apoptotic fragments sized 85 kDa and 25 kDa.
The HLNC4 antibody specifically recognizes the 85 kDa PARP1 fragment produced after cleavage and does not recognize the full-length 116 kDa protein.The following peptide was used as the immunogen: NH2-GVDEVAKKKSKKEKDC-COOH.
Applications Reported: This HLNC4 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This HLNC4 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of staurosporine-stimulated Jurkat cells using the Foxp3/Transcription Factor Buffer Set (cat. 00-5523) and protocol. Please refer to Best Protocols: intracellular Staining. Protocol B: One step protocol for intracellular (nuclear) proteins). This can be used at 5 µL (0.015 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 519 nm; Laser: Blue Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Poly ADP-Ribose Polymerase (PARP) uses nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (oxidized form) NAD as a substrate to catalyse the transfer of ADP-ribose to a variety of nuclear protein acceptors. Proteolysis of PARP to its stable 85kDa fragment is an early marker of programmed cell death (apoptosis) and is mediated by the caspase CPP32 protein. Cleavage occurs between Adp216 and Gly217, a site in PARP conserved across species.
Protein Aliases: ADP-ribosyltransferase (NAD+; poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase); ADP-ribosyltransferase diphtheria toxin-like 1; ADP-ribosyltransferase NAD(+); ADPRT 1; ARTD1; DNA ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP1; NAD(+) ADP-ribosyltransferase 1; NT-PARP-1; PARP-1; poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1; poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase family, member 1; Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1; Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1, 24-kDa form; Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1, 28-kDa form; Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1, 89-kDa form; Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1, processed C-terminus; Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1, processed N-terminus; poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase; poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase; poly(ADP-ribosyl)transferase; Poly[ADP-ribose] synthase 1; Protein poly-ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP1
Gene Aliases: ADPRT; ADPRT 1; ADPRT1; ARTD1; pADPRT-1; PARP; PARP-1; PARP1; PPOL
UniProt ID: (Human) P09874
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 142
Molecular Function: DNA metabolism protein