FIGURE: 1 / 1
Positive Samples: A-431; Cellular Location: Cell membrane, Endoplasmic reticulum membrane, Endosome, Endosome membrane, Golgi apparatus membrane, Nucleus membrane, Nucleus, Single-pass type I membrane protein
EGFR, epidermal growth factor receptor, is a receptor tyrosine kinases that signals in response to various growth factors. Overexpression has been linked to numerous types of cancer and EGFR is the target of both biological and small molecular therapeutics. EGFR is encoded by the EGFR gene located on chromosome 7 in humans. EGFR belongs to the HER/ERbB family of proteins that includes three other receptor tyrosine kinases, ERbB2, ERbB3, ERbB4. EGFR is a transmembrane receptor and binding of its cognate ligands such as EGF (Epidermal Growth Factor) and TGF alpha (Transforming Growth Factor alpha) to the extracellular domain leads to EGFR dimerization followed by autophosphorylation of the tyrosine residues in the cytoplasmic domain. Overexpression is observed in tumors of the head and neck, brain, bladder, stomach, breast, lung, endometrium, cervix, vulva, ovary, esophagus, stomach and in squamous cell carcinoma.
Protein Aliases: 220.127.116.11; avian erythroblastic leukemia viral (v-erb-b) oncogene homolog; cell growth inhibiting protein 40; cell proliferation-inducing protein 61; EC 18.104.22.168; Epidermal growth factor receptor; erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 1; kinase EGFR; Oncogene ERBB; Proto-oncogene c-ErbB-1; Receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-1
Gene Aliases: EGFR; ERBB; ERBB1; HER1; mENA; NISBD2; PIG61
UniProt ID: (Human) P00533
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 1956
Molecular Function: transmembrane signal receptor