Syndecans are type I integral membrane proteoglycans that are involved in cell-extracellular matrix adhesion and growth factor binding. Syndecan 1 is a matrix receptor which binds to Collagens, Fibronectin and Thrombospondin. Syndecan 1 and Syndecan 3 interact with MK (midkine), a growth/differentiation factor involved in embryogenesis. Syndecan 2 is highly expressed at areas of high morphogenetic activity, such as epithelial-mesenchymal interfaces and the prechondrogenic and preosteogenic mesenchymal condensations. Syndecan 4 functions cooperatively with integrins in the processes of cell spreading and focal adhesion assembly.
蛋白别名: Amphiglycan; MGC22217; ryudocan amphiglycan; Ryudocan core protein; SYND4; syndecan 4 (amphiglycan, ryudocan); syndecan proteoglycan 4; Syndecan-4
基因别名: AA959608; AW108331; ryudocan; S4; SDC4; SYND4; syndecan-4
分子生物学功能: transmembrane signal receptor