This peptide corresponds to 14 amino acids near the carboxy terminus of human SARM.
PEP-0178 can be used as a blocking peptide with polyclonal antibody PA5-20059.
NAD(+) hydrolase, which plays a key role in axonal degeneration following injury by regulating NAD(+) metabolism (PubMed:25908823, PubMed:27671644, PubMed:28334607). Acts as a negative regulator of MYD88- and TRIF-dependent toll-like receptor signaling pathway by promoting Wallerian degeneration, an injury-induced form of programmed subcellular death which involves degeneration of an axon distal to the injury site (PubMed:15123841, PubMed:16964262, PubMed:20306472, PubMed:25908823). Wallerian degeneration is triggered by NAD(+) depletion: in response to injury, SARM1 is activated and catalyzes cleavage of NAD(+) into ADP-D-ribose (ADPR), cyclic ADPR (cADPR) and nicotinamide; NAD(+) cleavage promoting cytoskeletal degradation and axon destruction (PubMed:25908823, PubMed:28334607, PubMed:30333228, PubMed:31128467, PubMed:31439793, PubMed:31439792). Also able to hydrolyze NADP(+), but not other NAD(+)-related molecules (PubMed:29395922). Can activate neuronal cell death in response to stress (PubMed:20306472). Regulates dendritic arborization through the MAPK4-JNK pathway. Involved in innate immune response: inhibits both TICAM1/TRIF- and MYD88-dependent activation of JUN/AP-1, TRIF-dependent activation of NF-kappa-B and IRF3, and the phosphorylation of MAPK14/p38 (PubMed:16964262). [UniProt]
蛋白别名: FLJ36296; HsTIR; MyD88-5; NAD(+) hydrolase SARM1; NADase SARM1; NADP(+) hydrolase SARM1; SAM domain-containing protein 2; Sterile alpha and Armadillo repeat protein; sterile alpha and HEAT/Armadillo motif protein, ortholog of Drosophila; Sterile alpha and TIR motif-containing protein 1; Sterile alpha motif domain-containing protein 2; Tir-1 homolog
基因别名: KIAA0524; MyD88-5; SAMD2; SARM; SARM1
UniProt ID: (Human) Q6SZW1
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 23098