The TYR-related proteins, TRP1 and TRP2, are also specifically expressed in melanocytes, and they likewise contribute to the synthesis of melanin within the melanosomes. The TRPs, including TYR, all share a similar transmembrane region, contain two metal-binding regions and a cysteinerich epidermal growth factor motif, and are localized in the melanosomal membrane. These proteins, however, have distinct catalytic activity, and they individually contribute to the biosynthesis of melanin biopolymers. The TRPs are believed to exist as a multi-enzyme complex, as these proteins form aggregates together, and the expression of TRP1 also helps stabilize TYR in melanocytes.
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